Judgement of 20 April 2016 – 1 BvR 966/09, 1 BvR 1140/09
Act Approving the Treaty of Lisbon compatible with the Basic Law; accompanying law unconstitutional to the extent that legislative bodies have not been accorded sufficient rights of participation
Judgment of 30 June 2009
2 BvE 2/08
Judgment of 23 September 2015
In a decision pronounced today, the Second Senate of the Federal Constitutional Court further specified the constitutional standards applying to the Bundestag’s right to participate in decision-making concerning deployments of armed German forces abroad. All deployments of armed military forces require parliamentary approval; there is no additional requirement that the deployment be of a certain military importance. In cases of imminent danger, the Federal Government may, by way of exception and for the time being, decide upon deployments alone. However, it is under the obligation to seek the Bundestag’s approval for continuing the deployment as soon as possible. Should the deployment in question already be over, the Federal Government must inform the Bundestag promptly and in a qualified manner of the reasons for its decision and the details of the deployment; yet, it is not obliged to seek retrospective approval by the Bundestag.
Therefore, the application for Organstreit (dispute between federal organs) proceedings lodged by the parliamentary group of ALLIANCE 90 / THE GREENS (BÜNDNIS 90 / DIE GRÜNEN) is unsuccessful. The evacuation of German citizens from Libya on 26 February 2011 constituted a deployment of armed military forces, which required parliamentary approval but was over before Parliament could be called upon.
Date of signature: 7 August 2013 Full citation:
“Act on Fees and Expenses for Federal Services of 7 August 2013 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 3154), amended by Article 3 of the Act of 8 June 2015 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 904)”
Version information: Amended by Art. 3, Act of 8 June 2015, I 904
In the version published on 24 January 1965 (GVBI = Law Gazette of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg p.15), as amended on 1 December 1969 (GVBI, p.233), 9 December 1974 (GVBI p. 381), 1 December 1980 (GVBI p.361) and 5 February 1985 (GVBI p. 62).
In the version published on 9 September 1965, as last amended on 8 May 1998
Guidelines issued by the Land Media Institutes on ensuring protection for young persons (youth guidelines, Jugendschutzrichtlinien, JuSchRiL)
Approved by the conference of directors of the Land Media Institutes on 16 December 1997
(Reproduced here is a version of the guidelines issued by the Landesanstalt für Rundfunk Nordrhein-Westfalen, Willie-Becker-Allee 10, D-40227 Düsseldorf)
Long title: Gesetz zum Schutze der Jugend in der Öffentlichkeit (Act to Regulate the Public Protection of Young Persons)
In the version of 25 February 1985 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 425 ff. Valid as from 1 April 1985); as amended on 28 June 1990 by Article 21 of the third Act to regulate the organisation and codification of statutory provisions still in force (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 1221) and Article 16 paragraph 2 of the Act to regulate the combatting of crime of 28.10.1994 (Federal Law Gazette I, p. 3186)